Colourless or slightly yellowish air-fuming solution with pungent odour. It is good acidifying reagent, has excellent neutralizing properties for waste streams, swimming pools. It is also ideal for steel pickling.
- Metal Industry: Metal pickling, etching, cleaning
- Chemical Industry: Manufacturing of organic and inorganic chemicals (calcium-chloride, textile, dyes, cleaning agents, water treatment chemicals, etc.), Laboratory reagents
- Water- and Waste Water Treatment: pH-regulation, Regeneration of ion-exchangers
- Ore and Mineral Processing: Ore and mineral treatment, extraction, separation, purification
- Oil and Natural Gas Extraction: Bedrock dissolving or fracturing shale formations